What is a Glossary ?
A glossary, also known as a vocabulary or clavis, is an alphabetical list of terms in a particular domain of knowledge with the definitions for those terms. Traditionally, a glossary appears at the end of a book and includes terms within that book that are either newly introduced, uncommon, or specialized. While glossaries are most commonly associated with non-fiction books, in some cases, fiction novels may come with a glossary for unfamiliar terms.
In a general sense, a glossary contains explanations of concepts relevant to a certain field of study or action. In this sense, the term is related to the notion of ontology.
Have you ever read any instructions about Kodi and asked yourself “what on earth are these people referring to?” Do not feel bad, you are not alone. This happens on a daily basis to both those who have been around Kodi for ages and to those who are new to “Kodiland”. This is just a quick reference guide of the most commonly used terms used by Developers and Builders that you the user will encounter in your travels.
The following list is in Alphabetical order and will be updated as needed:
4K – 4K measures the resolution (sharpness) of a television screen. It quite literally means a screen has a resolution of at least 4,000 horizontal pixels. For comparison, a standard HDTV has 1920 horizontal pixels so 4K is twice as sharp.
Glossary A to C
Add-on – A program/application that allows you to add a new feature, or to extend an existing feature, of Kodi. It is the same principle as used by Apple’s AppStore and Google’s PlayStore.
Aspect Ratio – The correlation between the Width and the Height of an image. A standard flat screen TV has an Aspect Ratio of 16:9.
Build –(official use) A generic name that a computer application gets after it has been created via compilation of the application’s source code based on a certain computer platform. A build can be based on Windows, Linux, Android and other operating systems. A build can also have a version number as identification.
Build -(unofficial use) A term not recognized by Team Kodi that some sites and people use to mean a version of Kodi with various addons pre-installed and sometimes skin modifications. Given that these modifications are not compiled into Kodi, “build” is an inaccurate term, but some piracy communities persist in using it.
Codec – Is a portmanteau of coder-decoder. A codec encodes a data stream or a signal for transmission and storage, possibly in encrypted form, and the decoder function reverses the encoding for playback or editing. Codecs are used in videoconferencing, streaming media, and video editing applications.
Container – A file format that is used to combine, store and play Codecs.
CRU Lyrics – Are the text strings that can be displaying in Kodi whenever a song is played. The song’s lyrics will scroll along the screen as the song progresses. People can use the lyrics for Karaoke performances.
Glossary D to H
Debug Log – An automatically generated log that captures the commands, processes, and results of the program, which aids in the faultfinding of problems or unexpected behaviour.
Dev – Developer aka Dev, is someone who has taken the time to create/develop an Add-on or Repository for use in Kodi.
Fork – The act of copying the source code of a program so that development may continue in a different direction to that of the original program. SPMC is an example of a Fork of Kodi.
GUI – Graphical User Interface. The component of a computer system that a user is able to directly interact with. Usually presents the menu and option systems via icons.
HDMI – High-Definition Multimedia Interface is a high definition (HD) interface standard for the transmission of uncompressed digital audio visual data. HDMI can support 720i, 720p, 1080i and 1080p with up to eight channels of audio data. Since HDMI is fully digital and has no image compression the image quality should not suffer from any image degradation.
Glossary I to L
IMBD – A comprehensive online repository of Movies, TV Shows, Cast, Crew, Trivia and more.
IPTV – Internet Protocol TeleVision, refers to the network architecture, equipment and technologies, middleware and software platforms used to deliver standard or high-definition television (HDTV) signals, in real time, over managed communications service provider (CSP) networks.
Kodi – Originally called XBMC, is a free and open source media player application developed by the XBMC/Kodi Foundation, a non-profit technology consortium. It allows users to play and view most videos, music, podcasts, and other digital media files from local and network storage media and the internet.
Library – A collection of data captured in a database that contains all main information as well as metadata on its entries. Kodi has two main libraries, one for videos, and one for music.
Glossary M to P
Media Manager – Software that implements and regulates multimedia files, and also can process metadata on the multimedia.
Metadata – Additional information for Movies, TV Shows, Music Videos and Music, that will be added to the library and displayed with the media. It can include Taglines, Plots, Actors/Artists, Release/Premiered dates, Alternate Titles, Song Lyrics, Labels/Studio Ratings and much more. It can also include Artwork.
MusicBrainz – Is an open source music encyclopedia that collects music metadata and makes it available to the public. Like Wikipedia, MusicBrainz is maintained by a global community of users.
Node – Nodes are defined views that are used to organize and display your media from the menu. There are pre-defined nodes (title, director, actor, and year) and there are user-defined nodes that allow a user to separate, for example, Home Movies from standard Hollywood type movies.
Passthrough – Where undecoded sound is ‘passed through’ to an audio receiver, which then decodes the sound. This is usually for Surround Sound setups using either Dolby Digital and DTS. This then has little to no impact on the sound quality.
PVR – Personal Video Recorder. This is a device that has a tuner, a hard drive and software that is able to play, record and rewind OTA television broadcasts. More powerful versions can ‘series link’ so an entire series can be set to record at a particular time of the week until it has ended.
Resolution – The measure of the number of Pixels along the width and the height of a display screen. Multiplying the two numbers will give the total number of pixels on the screen. The current standard resolution for consumer grade TV’s is 3840×2160.
Repository (aka Repo)– A centralised collection of Add-ons. The user then installs the repository which makes it more convenient to install multiple add-ons from a single location. It also provides the benefit of auto-updates. (see Add-ons)
Scanning – The process of collecting general information as well as metadata of videos or music songs. The results will be entered in Kodi’s video and/or music database(s).
Scrapers – Scrapers (also outside the Kodi community more commonly referred to as “web scrapers” or “importers“) are used by Kodi to go online to automatically retrieve metadata information and artwork from websites for Music, Videos, Movies and TV Shows. This metadata information and artwork is then used for Kodi’s music and video libraries.
Skin – Customised GUI’s that are easily interchangeable with the default GUI or Skin. Some of the most popular skins used these days are Xconfluence, Amber, Black Glass Nova, Metropolitan, just to name a few.
Glossary T to U
Tagging – Adding information or metadata to a video or music song, in order to identify and link that object in several ways to genres, artists, year, length, etc. Music files, for example MP3’s, could be tagged with various info like artist name, album name, audio bitrate, producer name.
Troll – A user who incites or engages in disruptive behavior (trolling). There are some people who enjoy causing conflict, and there are those who make a hobby of it. However, these are few in number and one should always assume good faith in other users. Calling someone a troll in a dispute is a bad idea. No further meaningful debate is likely to occur.
UHD – Ultra High Definition is the formal, industry recognized, name of the standard that includes better and more accurate color (HDR) and better motion rendering with 4K resolution.
Glossary V to Z
VPN – A VPN is a secure internet connection established between your internet service provider and our internet service provider. Everything you do online is ‘encrypted’ and essentially anonymous; anyone trying to break into your internet connection to steal sensitive data (e.g. on public Wi-Fi networks), will not be able to because your web traffic is securely hidden.
XBMC – See Kodi.
Zip File – Zip files are a popular way to package and distribute software. Every piece of software includes multiple files and folders. Zip files can be used to wrap all of those files and folders in a single easy-to-share and easy-to-use format. Since Zip files are compressed a Zip file is smaller than the combined size of the files and folders contained in the Zip file. As a result, a Zip file can be downloaded faster than would be possible if the contents were downloaded in an unzipped format.
Understanding what your issue is when asking a question in a support group will greatly improve your chances of getting the correct answer in a timely manner. Let’s not forget that the Admins and Mods in all Support groups are doing this out of the goodness of their hearts. So show some love and patience if your question is not answered right away, Real Life tends to get in the way sometimes. As a result, the more information you can provide at the time will be a great help to those trying to help.